Although 24 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, it's estimated that an additional 5.7 million people have the disease but don't know it.
Diabetes mellitus refers to a group of diseases that affect how your body uses blood sugar (glucose). Glucose is vital to your health because it's an important source of energy for the cells that make up your muscles and tissues.
It's also your brain's main source of fuel.
If you have diabetes, no matter what type, it means you have too much glucose in your blood, although the causes may differ.
Chronic diabetes conditions include;
Type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes. Potentially reversible diabetes conditions include prediabetes — when your blood sugar levels are higher than normal, but not high enough to be classified as diabetes — and gestational diabetes, which occurs during pregnancy but may resolve after the baby is delivered
- Feeling excessively tired
- Unquenchable thirst
- Frequent urination
- Numbness and/or tingling in feet or hands
- Changes in eyesight, such as blurry vision
- Unexpected weight loss
- Increase in infections or wounds that won't heal
- Breath that smells fruity
While 21 million people have been diagnosed with diabetes, there are about 8.1 million people who are walking around with the disease and don't know it (27.8 percent of people with diabetes are undiagnosed). Symptoms of diabetes vary from person to person. But, the earlier you catch them, the better it is for your overall health and diabetes care.
It is worth getting to know, and keeping a lookout for, the symptoms of diabetes—especially if any of the below already apply to you.
- You are above age of 45
- You have been diagnosed with pre-diabetes
- You are overweight and/or inactive
- You are African American, an Alaska native, American Indian, Asian American, Hispanic/Latino, or Pacific Islander American and are experiencing atypical symptoms